Glossary of Terms

 

Affordable Housing:

Affordable housing is generally defined as housing on which the occupant is paying no more than 30 percent of gross income for housing costs, including utilities. 

Source: www.hud.gov 

 

Area Median Income (AMI):

 AMI is the median income for each county within the state. 

Source: https://www.hcd.ca.gov/grants-funding/income-limits/state-and-federal-income-limits/docs/income-limits-2020.pdf 

Density:

 The number of housing units built on a site. Density is usually defined by the number of dwelling units per acre. 

Source: https://www.sandag.org/rcp_revised_draft/appendix1.pdf 

Density Bonus:

 The allocation of development rights that allows a parcel to accommodate additional square footage or additional residential units beyond the maximum for which the parcel is zoned, given when the developer agrees to set aside a portion of the development for affordable housing. 

Source: https://www.sandag.org/rcp_revised_draft/appendix1.pdf 

Fair Market Rent:

 Primarily used to determine payment standard amounts for Housing Choice Voucher program, to determine initial renewal rents for some expiring project -based Section 8 contracts, and to determine initial rents for housing assistance payment contracts in the Moderate Rehabilitation Single Room Occupancy program. 

Source: https://archives.huduser.gov/portal/glossary/glossary_all.html 

Mixed-Use Development:

 Projects where more than one use is located within a building or development area. 

Source: https://www.sandag.org/rcp_revised_draft/appendix1.pdf 

Transit-Oriented Development:

 Development of commercial space, housing services, and job opportunities close to public transportation, thereby reducing dependence on automobiles. 

Source:  https://archives.huduser.gov/portal/glossary/glossary_all.html 

Public Housing Agency/Authority:

 Any state, county, municipality, or governmental entity that is authorized to engage or assist in development or operation of low-income housing. 

Source: https://archives.huduser.gov/portal/glossary/glossary_all.html 

Low-Income Housing Tax Credit:

 A tax incentive intended to increase the availability of low-income housing. The program provides an income tax credit to owners of newly constructed or substantially rehabilitated low-income rental housing projects 

 Source: https://archives.huduser.gov/portal/glossary/glossary_all.html 

 

SANDAG Regional Plan:

 A Every four years SANDAG creates a regional plan with the 18 cities in the San Diego region. This plan lays out the goals for the region and the steps that need to be taken in order to achieve those goals. 

Source: https://sdforward.com 

Direct Displacement:

 Direct displacement is when residents ae forced to move due to increasing rents. 

 Source: https://www.huduser.gov/portal/sites/default/files/pdf/DisplacementReport.pdf 

Extremely Low-Income:

 Direct A household or person whose income is less than 30% of the are median income 

Source: https://www.hcd.ca.gov/community-development/building-blocks/housing-needs/extremely-low-income-housing-needs.shtml 

Housing Choice Vouchers/Section 8:

 Section 8 is a federal program that helps low-income families afford private market housing. These vouchers are given to local housing authorities from the U.S. Housing and Urban Development (HUD) 

Source: https://www.hud.gov/topics/housing_choice_voucher_program_section_8 

Cost-Burdened:

 Cost-burden is a family who pays more than 30% of their income on housing 

Source: https://www.huduser.gov/portal/pdredge/pdr_edge_featd_article_092214.html  

Housing Element:

 C in 1969 California passed a law requiring that all local governments have a plan to meet their housing needs. Local governments meet this requirement by releasing a housing element every 8 years as a part of their general plan.  

Source: https://www.hcd.ca.gov/community-development/housing-element/index.shtml 

Housing Impact Fee/Commercial Linkage:

 C A fee charged to commercial developers to help finance affordable housing for low-income worker whose jobs were created by commercial, industrial or retail development. 

Source: https://www.sdhc.org/doing-business-with-us/developers/housing-impact-fee/ 

Infill Development:

 Building on unused and underutilized lands, within other existing development pattens, usually in urban areas. 

Source: https://opr.ca.gov/planning/land-use/infill-development/ 

 

Low-Income:

 A person or household who makes 50% to 80% of the area median income  

Source: https://www.hcd.ca.gov/grants-funding/income-limits/index.shtml 

Market-Rate Housing:

 Housing units in a development that are available for sale or rent at the current market value. 

Source: https://www.lawinsider.com/dictionary/market-rate-housing 

Moderate Income:

 A person whose income is 80% to 120% of area median income. 

Source: https://www.hcd.ca.gov/grants-funding/income-limits/index.shtml 

 

Multifamily Housing Program:

 A subsidy program funded with state funds, administered by CA’s Dept. of Housing and Community Development (HCD). 

Source: https://www.hcd.ca.gov/grants-funding/active-funding/mhp.shtml 

 

Nexus Study:

 A document that summarizes the information supporting development and implementation of an impact fee program. 

Source: https://www.sandiego.gov/sites/default/files/citywide_park_development_impact_fee_nexus_study.pdf 

NIMBY:

 Not In My Backyard: a group with the  purpose of opposing local developments in their neighborhood. 

Source: https://corporatefinanceinstitute.com/resources/knowledge/other/nimby/ 

Regional Housing Needs Assessment: 

A mandated state housing law that quantifies the housing needs in each of California’s jurisdictions every eight years.  

Source: https://scag.ca.gov/housing 

 

Severe Rent Burden: 

A household or individual who spends more than 50% of their income on rent. 

Source https://www.huduser.gov/portal/pdredge/pdr_edge_featd_article_092214.html#:~:text=HUD%20defines%20cost%2Dburdened%20families,of%20one’s%20income%20on%20rent. 

 

Rent Stabilization:

 prohibit an owner of residential real property from, over the course of any 12-month period, increasing the gross rental rate for a dwelling or unit more than 5% plus the percentage change in the cost of living, as defined, or 10%, whichever is lower.  

Source: https://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/billTextClient.xhtml?bill_id=201920200AB1482 

 

Source: http://nonprofithousing.org/wp-content/uploads/Media-Packet-Affordable-Housing-Glossary-copy.pdf